Thillai Kali Amman Temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali Amman in the holy town of Chidambaram. The idol of the Goddess in this temple appears with four faces.
This shrine is dedicated to Thillai Kaali, who was defeated by Lord Shiva in a Dance competition that Kaali moved here after loosing to Siva in the celestial dance contest. There was an argument that who is superior, either 'Sivam' (Lord Siva) or Shakthi (Parvathi). In order to resolve thus, they performed a dance programe at Chidambaram in front of Vishnu, Brahma.
Siva danced "OORTHAVA THANDAVA" i.e. raising is leg above his head. This 'Ooorthava Thandava' is one of the posture in the dance. It could not be played by the women folk due to their modesty and shyness. In this Parvathi could not equally play this posture and accepted defeat and settled in this part of the holy town.
'Thillai Kali' is a deity in anger. This anger was pacified by Bhahma by Chanting Veda and also praising her. Because of the penance of Lord Brahma 'Kali' became Cool. So that Goddess 'Thillai Amman' in this temple appears with four faces. The Hindu 'Shoza' periods are represented in the inscriptions in this temple. This temple about construction in the regime of 'Kopperunsingan' Chidambaram is otherwise called as "Thillai" Because there were abundant Thillai trees.
She is known by other names as well Thillai Amman, "Vadapathira Kali" Bhranta Samundeeswari.
Daily Pooja is performed here.
Poojas are perfomed 4 times everyday
Temple timings- 6am- 12.30pm